Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Physical and geographical zoning of landslide processes in the middle reaches of the Kuban River

2014. №2, pp. 130-138

Shulyakov Dmitriy Yu. - C.Sc. in Geography, Senior Lecturer, Kuban State University, 149 Stavropolskaya st., Krasnodar, 350040, Russian Federation,

Neopolitanskaya Elena N. - Postgraduate student, Kuban State University, 149 Stavropolskaya st., Krasnodar, 350040, Russian Federation,

Zoning in some sense as a method of studying the flow characteristics of natural processes and phenomena in certain areas, is essential to monitor landslides in the basin of the Kuban River. The main attention is paid to the different natural laws - zonal or azonal. However, it is now necessary to consider human factor, as it can be a catalyst for enhancing these processes. The principles of zoning landslides, is a selection of holistic subordinate territorial units within which all of landslide processes and phenomena, as well as the conditions and factors of their formation are considered in relation to their individual within a frame allocated to the territory of a taxonomic rank. Important investigation in landslide zonation is mapping as a method of research, supplemented by statistical data and complex characteristics of landslide sites. Produced by the authors zoning based on the classical schemes of geographical zoning by D.L. Armand, A.G. Isachenko, (province-region-subregion-district-subdistrict-tract-plot) and geomorphological zoning scheme western part of the Greater Caucasus and the Ciscaucasia. A comprehensive analysis of the factors forming landslides processes for the investigated area can offer the following scheme of zoning within the existing taxonomic units: regions - Middle Kuban; Southern slopes of the Stavropol arch; the Right bank of the Kuban River. Among the selected regions marked compact propagation landslide territories of similar classification and formation conditions. Proposed to allocate these areas in separate taxonomic units - areas in the regions and selected subregion. When highlighting areas it is considered that professional organizations supervised instrumental and visual observations for a long time of the dynamics of the processes some of them. In two landslide areas identified eight areas of compact active propagation and development of landslides: Voronezhskiy district, Ust-Labinskiy district, Tbilisskiy district, Temizhbekskiy district, Caucazskiy district, Armavirskiy district, Urupskiy district, Uspenskiy district, Maykopskiy district, Apsheronskiy district.

Key words: районирование, распространение, оползни, прогноз оползней, ущерб, zoning, propagation, landslips, forecast of landslips, damage