Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Geoecological research in the oil and gas industry at the present stage

2022. №1, pp. 104-108

Bystrova Inna V. - РЎandidate of Sciences (Geology and Mineralogy), Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University,

Smirnova Tatiana S. - РЎandidate of Sciences (Geology and Mineralogy), Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University,

Esekeyev Kairzhan S. - undergraduate, Astrakhan State University,

Dzhumageldieva Sabina D. - undergraduate, Astrakhan State University,

Oil-producing facilities occupy one of the key positions in terms of the degree of impact on the environment. During the extraction, discharge, treatment of oil, associated petroleum gas, formation waters and various other chemicals in the composition of drilling cuttings enter the environment. The harmful impact of the industry on the natural environment is constantly growing. In this regard, additional measures are needed to improve the quality of the natural environment: compliance with the safety requirements of technologies in the transportation and extraction of petroleum products, improving the environmental culture of production, the introduction of new and resource-saving technologies. Conclusion: A list of environmental activities at hydrocarbon production enterprises is proposed based on the study and generalization of domestic and foreign experience.

Key words: oil and gas industry, ecological situation, environment, hydrocarbon resources