Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal


2021. №3, pp. 93-105

Kuzichkina Anastasia. M. - Astrakhan State University,

Yuyukov Sergey S. - Astrakhan State University,

Bezuglova Marina S. - Astrakhan State University,

Diakonova Anna N. - Astrakhan State University,

Geoecology refers to the interdisciplinary areas of tourism that cover the largest audience. Each subject has its own geoecological features, which make it possible to form various types of tourism. As a bridge between Europe and Asia, Turkey contains many geoecological factors that contribute to the development of tourism and has much to offer visitors. The country is rich in mountain ranges and valleys, lakes, rivers, waterfalls and caves, ideal for winter and summer tourism. In addition, Turkey has many hot springs, healing waters and mud baths, which are recommended as a remedy for many diseases. Due to this, Turkey is considered one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. The study of geoecological factors of the development of recreation in the territory of the national parks of Turkey makes it possible to reveal the tourist and recreational potential of the studied territory. In this regard, the purpose of the work is to analyze the geoecological features of the national parks of Turkey. The paper uses comparative and descriptive methods of analyzing the scientific literature on the problems of research, as well as the method of determining the main geoecological factors of tourism development within the study areas. In the course of the expedition trips, the material was collected to analyze the current recreational and tourist development of the territory. The use of cartographic methods of analysis, as well as the analysis of expedition materials, allowed us to describe in sufficient detail the main geoecological features of the territory, which allow us to develop various types of recreation and tourism. On the territory of the Turkish national parks, quite diverse and unique geoecological conditions have developed, which allow for the development of a wide range of types of tourism and recreation. Taking into account the already developed tourist infrastructure, more attention should be paid to the protection of the natural environment and the development of eco-friendly forms of tourism.

Key words: geoecology, Turkey, tourism, recreation, natural resource potential, geoecological resources, ecotourism, Pontic Mountains, Taurus mountain system, Anatolian plateau, Mount Takhtali, thermal springs