Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal


2021. №2, pp. 114-124

Bozieva Zhanna Ch. - Kabardino-Balkar State Mountain Reserve

Agoeva Eleonora A. - Kabardino-Balkar State Mountain Reserve

Ittiev Abdullax B. - Kabardino-Balkar State Mountain Reserve

The negative effects of global climate change and the impact of rising surface air temperatures are already evident. Among the many echoes of these processes are the melting of glaciers, the reduction of the ice cover of the northern seas, the gradual disappearance of permafrost, sea level rise, soil erosion, and extreme weather events such as floods, hurricanes, droughts, and forest fires. As a result, the world's freshwater resources, public health and the well-being of the environment are under threat. Annually renewable fresh water resources, represented by the annual flow of rivers, are of undoubted value. Our goal was to identify the relationship of meteorological parameters, such as surface air temperature and precipitation in the high-altitude region of the Central Caucasus, with water consumption in the lowland territory of the Caucasus on the example of the river.Terek (art. Kotlyarevskaya). These studies are particularly valuable from the point of view of the relationship between climate change and its further impact on the hydrological cycle of the lowland regions of the Caucasus. In the course of the research, the relationship was revealed, indicating that the distribution of river flow over the territory of the Caucasus corresponds to the distribution of the annual amounts of surface air temperature and the annual amounts of atmospheric precipitation.

Key words: Verkhne-Balkarskoe gorge, Terek river, Chere-Balkarsky river, surface air temperature, precipitation, their sum, water discharge