Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Peculiarities geological exploration on the Arctic Shelf

2015. №4, pp. 105-114

Serebryakova O.A. - Master of geology, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation,

Serebryakova V.I. - Master of geology, Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering, 18 Tatishchev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Ferderation,

Gain of new reserves of oil and gas in the world Barre over the last 10 years made 800 billion that 1,5 times are surpassed by consumption. Total perspective world reserves of hydrocarbons are estimated at 4 trillion Barre today that exceeds a similar indicator of ten-year prescription three times. The world resource source of raw materials becomes stronger recently opened fields of hydrocarbons in the southern seas of Russia, and also stocks of the Russian Arctic basin and deep-water sea fields of the Barents Sea. Capital investments and introduction of new technologies in searches and investigation of sea fields represent the most risky and expensive strategy, however they actively develop in the last some decades. As a result during the period from 2000 to 2015 in a number of sea water areas new discoveries were made, and also revaluation of stocks of already known fields is carried out that in the sum gave 85-90 billion Barre of additional stocks in world sea resource base of hydrocarbons. In the world the gain of the proved and expected reserves of traditional hydrocarbons of 380 billion barrels allowed to provide volumes of exploration. The main sea exploration during this period was conducted on the Caspian Sea, Shelf of the Sea of Okhotsk, the Arctic shelf. In Angola (deep waters), on the Gulf of Mexico, deep waters, on the Shelf of Greenland, the Northeast coast of South America. For the last year essential break was observed in investigation of the Russian sector of the Caspian Sea and the Russian sector of the Arctic.

Key words: арктика, шельф, месторождение, нефть, газ, Arctic, shelf, field, oil, gas