Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Geoecological actions of safe operation connected with use of the subsoil of the northern Caspian Sea

2015. №4, pp. 97-105

Melnikova Ye.V. - Engineer of 1st category, "LUKOIL-INZhINIRING", 12 Gubernator Anatoliy Guzhvin ave., Astrakhan, 414014, Russian Federation,

Semisotova O.S. - Chief Engineer, "LUKOIL-INZhINIRING", 12 Gubernator Anatoliy Guzhvin ave., Astrakhan, 414014, Russian Federation,

Fomenko Ye.V. - Engineer, "LUKOIL-INZhINIRING", 12 Gubernator Anatoliy Guzhvin ave., Astrakhan, 414014, Russian Federation,

Serebryakova V.I. - Master of Geology, Astrakhan Institute of Civil Engineering, 18 Tatishchev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Ferderation,

Serebryakova O.A. - Master of Geology, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, Russian Ferderation,

The present work is devoted to the problems of ecology of the Northern Caspian Sea, acquires a special urgency in connection with the forthcoming commissioning of the field. V. Filanovsky, and to the solutions of these problems within the framework of measures for the safe conduct of work by the "LUKOIL" company. Currently the dominant paradigm is that the exploration and extraction of hydrocarbon raw materials are the major sources of negative environmental consequences for the entire Caspian Sea. However, at this stage of the economic and energy deficient factors take precedence over environmental issues. Due to the variety of these factors, their analysis, synthesis and study summarizing the effect of their interaction is an important aspect of monitoring of impacts on the environment to gain experience for the safe conduct of the proceeding. A leading role in the development of hydrocarbon resources of the North Caspian are currently playing the "LUKOIL" company that uses best practices for exploration and production of hydrocarbons and practice zero discharge. For the landlocked Caspian Sea the particular importance takes the problem of disposal of drilling waste, one option of which is their fix in a special well drilled right in the field of hydrocarbons. However, this solution is associated not only with the complexity of technological solutions and economic costs, but also inconsistence with the existing environmental legislation of Russia in terms of waste management and disposal in deep-posed sheets. In this connection, we need a complex of organizational, technical, technological, environmental measures aimed at addressing this issue.

Key words: Северный Каспий, разработка месторождения, эксплуатационная скважина, принцип нулевого сброса, экология, охрана окружающей среды, отходы, шлам, энергетический ресурс, углеводороды, нефть, газ, North Caspian, field development, production well, the princip