Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Problem of the noise pollution in the urbanized territories

2015. №1, pp. 118-126

Kiselev Vadim V. - Post-graduate student, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation,

Barmin Aleksandr N. - D.Sc. (Geography) Professor Dean, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation,

Now the ear pollution of settlements is a serious problem. Among the other perspectives put before the modern ecological science it is not necessary independently, and is intimately bound to studying of any consequences of technogenic environmentals by the person and used by it devices. At the moment it is necessary to deal most actively with a problem of an ear pollution, as its negative influence on health of the person not less perniciously, than negative impact on it pollution of aqueous and air medium of the city. Influencing a cerebral cortex, noise renders an irritant action, accelerates process of exhaustion, weakens attention and slows down mental reactions. Comprehensive approach to a solution of the problem of ear pollution in the urbanized territories is application of the modern town-planning and architectural and planning actions, with keeping of rules at projection and construction of residential quarters, and also on formation of city system of green plantings. Restriction of audibles signal of street transport and driving of cargo transport of intracity highways is of great importance. In article efficient methods of fight against the ear pollutions of a different origin influencing human health are offered to consideration. As a result of the carried-out practical work with use of design values of noise performances of transport streams recommendations about use of noise-protective actions in various parts of settlements taking into account transport loading are made and is architectural - planning features of the district. Examples accepted, now actions for protection of settlements against noise when building large objects are presented.

Key words: шумовое загрязнение, автотранспорт, здоровье человека, акустический экран, зеленые насаждения, ear pollution, motor transport, health of the person, acoustical baffle, green plantings