Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Typing of industrial waste disposal facilities and waste

2013. №2, pp. 119-125

Sharovа O. A.  - Post-graduate student, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, Russian Federation, 414000,,

Ecological safety problem at the moment, more than ever, acute for humanity. Serious environmental problems, both at the regional and local levels, to create an enterprise leading the mining and processing of hydrocarbons, petrochemicals, chemicals, transport enterprises. In this case, the negative impact on the environment from companies cover the subsoil, air, soil, ground water, the biosphere. One of the reasons for the negative effects of the industrial impact of oil and gas and processing companies is the problem of disinfection, disposal or temporary storage resulting in significant amounts of oily waste and toxic hazards of different class. Resolving this issue is an environmental problem of all oil and gas producing regions, including the Astrakhan region, which has a major complex for processing of gas condensate feedstock containing in its composition toxic components, hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide. During the processing of the raw materials are produced highly toxic liquid waste, industrial waste. Most environmentally friendly way to dispose of waste can not be cleaned is their deep injection (injection) in different geological features. This may be aquifers developed gas deposits, and leaching chamber cavity in the salt domes and many others. The choice of an object due to geological, hydrogeological and subsurface temperature and pressure conditions. The article describes the environmental problems associated with the disposal of solid and liquid waste. See typing objects suitable for creating polygons injection effluent and waste production. The results and the evaluation of operating landfills injection of industrial waste.

Key words: waste,landfill effluent injection,geological features,environment