Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Regional geological aspects of the territorial distribution of geoenergy (hydrocarbon) resources within central type structures

2022. №1, pp. 53-63

Kharitonov Andrey L. - РЎandidate of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics), Leading Researcher, Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave propagation of RAS,

The purpose of this paper is to practically confirm the theoretical ideas of Academician P. N. Kropotkin and Professor N. P. Kudryavtsev about the geological and geochemical processes of transformation of the simplest natural gaseous hydrocarbons into their more complex forms under the influence of high temperatures and pressures in the bowels of the Earth. It was revealed the presence of a certain spatial relationship in the location of oil and gas fields in the southern regions of the Russian Federation with the location of central-type structures fixed on the Earth's surface, according to the decoding of satellite images, in the form of ring structures of the relief of the Earth's surface. The peripheral (on-board) spatial location of the main oil, natural gas, and coal deposits relative to the central part of the Pre-Paleozoic mantle plumes of the Central, West Siberian, and East Siberian regions forming the same-named structures of the central type has been revealed. According to numerous statistical measurements carried out by the author on the territory of the Russian Federation, a table of spatial dimensions of the main classes of structures of the central type was compiled. Conclusions are drawn about the prospects of searching for oil and gas deposits in the onboard zones on the territory of the Caspian, and coal in the Moscow structures of the central type.

Key words: potential resources of oil, gas, coal, central type structures, Central, West Siberian, East Siberian, Caspian regions