Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal


2020. №3, pp. 46-53

Bozieva Zhanna Ch. - Kabardino-Balkarian State High-Mountain Reserve,

Agoyeva Eleonora A. - Kabardino-Balkarian State High-Mountain Reserve,

40 % of the area of the European territory of Russia belongs to the basin of the Caspian Sea, which is an internal drainage area, and river runoff from this territory is excluded from the large moisture cycle and participates only in the internal moisture cycle. This circumstance is of great importance in a number of hydrological and meteorological processes taking place in the Caucasus. In this regard, we set a goal to study the amount of precipitation in the highlands of the North Caucasus, using a meteorological station installed at an altitude of 1049 m above sea level for the period from 2010 to 2019. The studies carried out are few in number and valuable, both from the point of view of studying climate change, in particular the level of precipitation and their further influence on the hydrological cycle of the high - mountainous, mountainous and lowland regions of the Caucasus, and identifying the relationship between the meteorological characteristics of the study area with biological and ecological ones. Studies have shown that the study area is characterized by heavy rains, which are observed in May, June and July, less often in March, April and August. The rainiest was 2013.

Key words: Precipitation, Upper Balkar Gorge, heavy rains, maximum and minimum rainfall and their seasonal distribution