Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Post Soviet dynamics and optimization of agricultural land use in the North Kazakhstan region

2018. №3, pp. 109-115

Pashkov S.V. - C.Sc. in Geography, M. Kozybaev North Kazakhstan State University, 86 Pushkin st., Petropavlovsk, 150000, Republic of Kazakhstan,

During changing of socioeconomic formation and crash of state farm and collective farm system of housekeeping, in the structure of agricultural grounds of area there was a collapse of share of arable land and 20-fold growth of the area of the deposits which have reached in 1999 wheat grass stage of development ofold land. By the analysis of statistical data, it is defined that the steadiest structure of agricultural grounds for all considered period is characteristic of the forest and steppe (northern) areas having the most fertile black soils with the highest point of site class while in steppe, after the collapse of the USSR, 2-3-fold falling of a share of arable land and increase in the areas of pastures and deposits was observed that has caused an extensification of agriculture of the southern and especially southeast districts of the region. The conclusion is drawn that the balanced landscape and ecological structure of agricultural grounds has to become a basis for the steady growth of agroproduction and optimum structure of the agrosphere.

Key words: агроландшафтное районирование, залежи, землепользование, землеустройство, оптимизация, пастбища, пашня, Северо-Казахстанская область, сельскохозяйственные угодья, целинная кампания, agrolandscapedivision, deposit, land use, land management, optimization,