Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Psekupski: dependence of the deposits hydrogen sulfide content on its sulfide mineral waters

2013. 1, pp. 38-47

Antoshkina Yelena V. - Associate Professor, Kuban State University, 149 Stavropolskaya st., Krasnodar, Russian Federation, 350040,

Mishurina Vitalika M. - Student, Kuban State University, 149 Stavropolskaya st., Krasnodar, Russian Federation, 350040,

The article discusses the transformation of the water-hydrogen sulfide content found in the Psekupski Deposits sulfide mineral waters at lower sandstone levels. It adds that the main problem affecting the Psekupski water is the instability of its chemical composition, which contains low levels of salinity and hydrogen sulfide. Moreover, the mineral water activities have exceeded the limit imposed by the State Committee on Reserves. The Psekupski mineral waters, the critique notes, are located in the southern part of the resort town of Hot Springs (located 65 km southeast of the regional center of Krasnodar in the foothills of the Caucasus Mountains). Its sulfide deposits, the paper states, are unstable; a number of wells with increased water intake are undergoing a directional change. The document says that several older geophysical hypotheses exist about the conditions that led to the formation of the Psekupski mineral waters. These concepts, it says, can be divided into hypotheses on formation and on deep origin. Meanwhile, more recent data obtained during the explorations in the 197782 timespan will reportedly enable the proposal of a new hypothesis on the formation of the sulfide deposits thermal waters. At this stage, it notes that an analysis of geothermal and hydro-geological conditions has indicated that weak mineralized deposits and mineralization activities in high thermal waters were the key Lower-Cretaceous-period factors that contributed to the formation of various types of chemical compositions in the Psekupski waters. Finally, the blueprint indicates that there are pockets of intense sulfate in the areas of water-discharged sediments, in which the sulfate inter-mixes with infiltrated water.

Key words: hydrogen-sulfide,water intake,maintenance of wells,sulfate-reducing bacteria