Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Production and consumer waste as a factor of environmental problems of regions

2017. 4, pp. 155-163

Sharova O.A. - Environmental engineer of the 1st category, Engineering and technical center, LLC «Gazprom dobycha Astrakhan», 72 Kubanskaya st., Astrakhan, 414057, Russian Federation,

Maiorov G.A. - post-graduate student, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation

Lazarenkova E.A. - post-graduate student, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation

Active business and compact residence significant number of people pose serious problems with the disposal of generated wastes that pollute the environment: air, soil, water. Disposal of waste is possible in different ways, but the most often used their storage on the surface landfills and landfills. The results show that the problem of waste disposal and consumption of acute and in the Astrakhan region. As is known, the quality of the environment, particularly natural conditions, the degree of anthropogenic impact on the natural environment have a significant impact on human health, and therefore, in the field of waste management issues are highly relevant to any region. In the Astrakhan area the problem of waste production and consumption remains complex and is one of the most serious environmental problems. This is because: the technogenic high load on the ecosystem due to excessive concentration of industrial production, including predominantly ecologically hazardous sons. Functioning waste sorting complex with capacity of 200 thousand tons a year and the landfill briquetted waste JSC "Astrakhan Industrial and ecological complex" 7 landfills, 44 authorized landfills, designed for storage, isolation and neutralization allowed to some extent to reduce the burden on the environment, but solved the problem completely. Significant problem creating unauthorized waste disposal production; using outdated technology and equipment, high power consumption and resource-production, the increasing volume of waste and the absence of modern high utilization methods, no regular collection and removal of solid waste from areas rural communities municipal districts, presence of a large number of authorized dumps etc.. reasites, the number of which is increasing year by year, in spite of their annual liquidation. the problem of waste, volumes and methods of their utilization in the Astrakhan region are listed in this article.

Key words: , , , , , , , , production and consumption waste, landfills, sanct