Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Study of balneological resources of medical mud in Astrakhan region

2017. 4, pp. 32-39

Bystrova I.V. - C.Sc. in Geology and Minerology, Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation

Smirnova T.S. - C.Sc. in Geology and Minerology, Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation

Fedorova N.F. - C.Sc. in Geology and Minerology, Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation

Melikhov M.S. - undergraduate, Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 65 Leninskiy Ave., Moscow, 119296, Russian Federation

In article balneological resources of the Astrakhan region on the example of the field of therapeutic muds “Lake Medical” are considered. Medicinal properties of the lake consist in her brine and dirt. Formation of the lake was influenced by neotectonic processes, alternation of transgressions of the Caspian Sea and long processes of formation of the Volga delta. Ground deposits of the lake are presented by modern Ils which are blocked by a layer of samosadochny salt. The mineralization and ionic structure of brine changes on seasons of year and depends on quantity of the dropped-out atmospheric precipitation. The chemical composition of mineral dirt is given in work. The importance of the received data about unique on physical and chemical composition of silt mud of the Lake Medical field is shown. Need of the solution of practical tasks is defined (balneology) and formations of the chemical composition of dirt of this lake.

Key words: , , , , , balneological resources, Astrakhan region, Mineral mud, Lake Medical, mineralization

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