Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Development of a small autonomous solar energy in the Republic of Kalmykia

2017. 3, pp. 161-173

Degtyarev Kirill S. - Senior Researcher, Lomonosov Moscow State University, GSP-1, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation, kir1111@rambler.ru

Panchenko Vladimir A. - C.Sc. in Technical, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher, Federal Scientific Agro-Engineering Center VIM, 1-y Institutskiy proezd, Moscow, 109428, Russian Federation, pancheska@mail.ru

Sangadzhiev Mergen M. - C.Sc. in Geology and Mineraly, Kalmyk State University named after B. B. Gorodovikova, 11 Pushkin st., Elista, 358000, Russian Federation, smm54724@yandex.ru

Mandzhieva Tamara V. - C.Sc. in Economics, Associate Professor, Kalmyk State University named after B. B. Gorodovikova, 11 Pushkin st., Elista, 358000, Russian Federation, altana98@yandex.ru

Erdnieva Galina Ye. - bachelor, Kalmyk State University named after B. B. Gorodovikova, 11 Pushkin st., Elista, 358000, Russian Federation, erdnieva.galina1@mail.ru

The article considers the possibility of using renewable energy sources in Kalmykia, where there are no own sources of electricity, up to 99 % of which the republic receives from other regions. This leads to an increase in the cost of kWh of energy, which in turn affects the cost of agricultural products. The aim of the work is to analyze the geographical and geological, climatological characteristics of the region for the adoption of a single electrification program for the republic. The main method of studying the questions posed was full-scale expedition trips to Kalmykia regions over the past five years, research of literature data and reports of departments and ministries dealing with agriculture, energy, and land use. Both authors and students, masters and graduate students of the Kalmyk State University participated in the work as part of the final qualification works and scientific research. The work resulted in a series of articles on desertification, the study of insolation processes, geography and geology of the republic in order to choose the location of wind generators and solar modules in different territories of Kalmykia. As an experiment in the village of Adyk, Chernozemelsky region, an experimental installation of the solar module was installed. The results of the work can be used by students and all those who are interested in the implementation of the submitted modules in agriculture, by organizations occupying the implementation of these technologies. The obtained results show the expediency of using systems in agriculture and other industries of Kalmykia. The possibility of using solar modules on livestock sites is one of the main factors of safe management of natural processes in the desert and semi-desert areas of the Republic of Kalmykia.

Key words: , , , , , , , renewable energy sources, solar energy, insulations, Kalmykia, infrastructure, natural processes, and safety

Read