Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

History of development of hydromineral healing resources of the Caspian Depression

2017. 3, pp. 30-37

Smirnova Tatyana S. - C.Sc. in Geology and Minerology, Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation, tatyana.smirnova@asu.edu.ru

Bystrova Inna V. - C.Sc. in Geology and Minerology, Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation

Karabaeva Altyganym Z. - C.Sc. in Geography, Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University, 1 Shaumyan sq., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation, karabaeva2010@mail.ru

In this article, scientific and literary sources on the use of hydromineral (mineral waters and therapeutic mud) natural healing resources of the Caspian depression are analyzed on the example of the Astrakhan region. A centuries-old history of the use of these resources has been given, connected mainly with water and mud therapy since the XVIII century to the present. The peculiarities of the geographical position of the Astrakhan region, landscape-climatic patterns and natural curative resources are considered from the point of view of prevention and treatment of diseases, which allowed us to correctly orient ourselves in the choice of national priorities for raising the level and quality of life of citizens. The authors note a stable tendency to revive interest in using the local balneoresources of the Astrakhan region. Early closed mud baths are rehabilitated at sanatorium-preventive establishments of enterprises, new sports and recreation centers, private wellness rooms are created, designed to use mainly local natural factors: mineral waters and treated mud. In the future, further research of the balneal resources of the Astrakhan region will allow to develop the most qualitative and competitive measures for their use.

Key words: , , , , , , , hydromineral raw materials, medicinal resources, Caspian depression, mineral waters, therapeutic mud, Lake Tinaki, Lake Basku

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