Geology, geography and global energy

Scientific and Technical Journal

Impact of landscapes Berlin, London, Moscow, Paris to the river flow

2017. 1, pp. 51-59

Koronkevich N.I. - D.Sc. in Geography, Professor, Russian Academy of Sciences, 29 Staromonetnyy per., Moscow, 119017, Russian Federation, hydro-igras@yandex.ru

Melnik K.S. - C.Sc. in Geography, Researcher, Russian Academy of Sciences, 29 Staromonetnyy per., Moscow, 119017, Russian Federation, konsmelnik@gmail.com

Urban landscapes impact on river runoff was shown on the example of four European capitals (Berlin, London, Moscow, Paris)as well as on the area of river basins - Spree, Temza, Moscow, Seine, where these cities are located. Landscapes impact calculation based on methodological approaches which were previously developed by the authors for the Moscow River basin. The assessment of river run off changes was completed for the current period in comparison with natural runoff as well as with the runoff norm period (the end of XIX century - the middle of XX century). The growth of urban landscape impact on river runoff is becoming a significant factor in its increase.

Key words: , , , , , , , , , , urban landscapes impact, urbanization, waterproof areas, river runoff, Moscow, London, Paris, Berlin, Spree, Temza, Seine river basins

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